The information presented in this course is designed for all teachers who wish to use effective literacy instruction based on scientific research and classroom-tested approaches in elementary, middle, and high school reading environments. Students will learn about good literacy instructional practices and assessments in the intermediate grades, and reasons why struggling readers at that level find it difficult to become expert readers. Pre-service teachers will explore how literacy mediates and support thinking in the knowledge building content area and learn how to include the essential components of reading into a typical literacy block. Students will develop an in-depth knowledge of several reading approaches and focus on developing strategic readers and writers in future classrooms. Eight hours of field observations are required.